There are various forms of birth control, each with its own:
The five categories of contraception are:
This method prevents ovulation so that your eggs can’t be fertilized. The pill, shot, contraceptive patch, and vaginal ring are common forms of hormonal contraception.
Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC)
These methods include IUDs and implants. An IUD is a T-shaped device that’s placed in your uterus to prevent sperm from reaching an egg. An implant is a tiny, flexible rod that’s placed in your upper arm, where it releases hormones that prevent ovulation.
This form of contraception blocks sperm from entering your uterus. Barrier options include:
A copper IUD and emergency contraceptive pills are the two most effective methods for preventing pregnancy in the hours following unprotected sex or condom breakage.
This is permanent form of birth control may be done nonsurgically, with the placement of an implant that permanently blocks your fallopian tubes. It’s also done surgically, with a tubal ligation that cuts, ties, or seals off your fallopian tubes.
Your OB/GYN can help you choose the birth control option that best meets your needs by thoroughly considering the following factors:
If you have irregular periods, you may benefit most from a hormone-based contraceptive, which prevents pregnancy and helps regulate the menstrual cycle. If you don’t want to start a family anytime soon, an IUD may be your best choice. If you have more than one partner, you may want to use the pill in combination with a male or female condom, as a condom is the only form of birth control that also helps protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
Used correctly, IUDs and implants are 99% effective, hormonal birth control shots are 94% effective, and hormonal patches, vaginal rings, and birth control pills are 91% effective. Male and female condoms are only about 80% effective when used alone, but they’re often used along with another form of contraception to provide added protection.